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Written by Howard Lamey (with a little help from Paul Race)
for Big Indoor Trains™
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Note from Editor: This is a followup to our 2007 article on Building a Glitterhouse. We really do recommend that you start with that project, as that description is step-by-step.

These projects come to us courtesy of Floriday designer Howard Lamey. Howard loves collecting and designing replicas of those little cardboard houses that became popular Christmas decorations between World Wars. Collectors call the "putz" houses, from a German-American word related to "putter." Howard calls his creations "glitterhouses," because that's the specific kind of putz houses he likes the best.

Click for bigger photo.Building a Picture Window House

One of the relatively rare kinds of "putz" (Christmas cardboard village) houses was the "Picture Window House." This structure included a large front "window," that displayed a Christmas scene of some sort.

The main differences between this project and the starter project are the picture window and that we have added a textured finish using sand.

We included this photo so you could get some idea of how the picture window looks in a darkened room.  Click for bigger photo. What You Will Need

Clean cardboard. You can use cardboard from cereal boxes, the backs of writing tablets, anything flat, firm and clean. You'll also probably want to use corrugated cardboard for the base. In addition, for this project you'll need:

  • A sharp mat knife or Xacto knife (or both)
  • A stiff metal ruler
  • Elmer's white Glue-All. A glue stick would also come in handy.
  • Clear glitter. I use the “Sulyn” brand.
  • Several sheets of acid-free, non-yellowing, white bond paper
  • Flat white paint (flat latex interior wall paint is good) to prime the building (and give it the chalky feel of the original)
  • Acrylic paint in the colors you plan to use for the house
  • A hole punch for making the pattern in the fence (optional)
  • Clear packing tape (optional, depending on the approach you use)
  • Clear heavy celophane or other material you can use for the picture window pane (optional, depending on the approach you use)
  • Colored celophane or translucent plastic for the other windows and the door. The paper door I used is available from Ted Althoff has a full line of reproduction doors plus red “cellophane type” and paper windows.
  • Access to the Internet and a color printer
  • Sand to add texture to the paint (The sand can be found in the craft or floral department at your local craft store. It is inexpensive, clean, and uniform in size. I recommend you choose white or a neutral color. Bird cage gravel, beach sand, sandbox sand and builder's sand will also work depending on how much texture you want.)
  • A strip of wood trim (1/8" sqare or so) that you can cut apart and use for fence posts (optional, see below)
  • Other accessories, such as bottle brush trees, that you plan to use to finish the house.

Note: Our article on What You Need to Build Glitterhouses lists many other materials and tools that will help you work more quickly and effectively.

Printing the Plans

Double-click on this image to see a higher resolution pattern. Double-click on this image to see a higher resolution pattern.

If you want to see the plans before you print them, you can see a bigger version by clicking on the graphics above. But the best way to print them is to click the following links to download the PDF versions:

Select the print option, tell it to "auto rotate and center" or whatever else you need to make it go to Landscape mode. Don't select the "scale to page" or "shrink to fit" option. Print.

Note: On most printers, a small portion of the first image will disappear at the outside edge of the page. But you can easily "fill in the details" by looking at the jpg version - if you allow your printer to reduce the size of the drawing to fit the "printable" page, your plans will be about 5% too small.

If you don't have Adobe Acrobat Reader on your computer or for some reason that doesn't work, you can open the big JPG versions by clicking on the reduced plans above. Choose the "file, page setup" from your browser. When the page setup menu comes up, select "landscape mode." Choose the "scale to fit" option (sometimes "print as large as possible" or something like that. You may have to tweak the sizes a little to get them just right, though - that's why the PDF versions are more likely to work for you.

If neither of those work, contact Paul and ask him for help - that's his department. :-)

Building the Base and Fence

The base is a rectangular "box" that is decorated before the house and trees are installed. For this project, it should be about 4" x 5" and about 1/2" high.

Cut the Base and Fence - For this project, I cut the base and fence out at the same time. The base is made from heavy corrugated cardbard, the kind they use in big boxes. The fence pieces are made from fine corrugated stock, like that from the small express mail boxes you get at the post office. The same kind of fence can also be cut from heavy card stock such as back of a writing tablet. If you wish, you may use different materials for the fence, such as a miniature wooden snow fence from the craft store or a rustic rail fence you make from twigs.

To cut the inside part of the fence, use a hole punch as shown in the plans. Then use a straightedge and Xacto knife to connect some of the holes to get the open oval shapes.

Glue The Base - Build the base up from layers of corrugated cardboard glued together in a sandwich. You then wrap and glue a strip of thin poster-board or cereal-box cardboard all around it to smooth over the rough edges of the corrugated cardboard.

Click for bigger photo. Click for bigger photo.

Wrap the Base - When the base is built and the glue is dry, you cover it with white bond paper just like you would wrap a gift, except that all surfaces of the paper cover must be completely glued down to the box. A glue stick works great for this.

The finish coat of paper is glued down everywhere so it becomes a part of the surface and recreates the pasteboard finish of the original glitterhouses. Click for bigger photo. Click for bigger photo

Note: More details about building bases are provided in our article: Building Glitterhouse BasesClick for bigger photo.

Attach the Fence - When the glue on the base has dried, glue the fence pieces to the base.

Prime the Base and Fence - When all the glue has dried, paint the base with the flat white paint. This provides an even finish that will hold the acrylic paint and glitter. If the fence has cardboard in it, prime it, too.

Click for bigger photo

Cutting Out the Structure Pieces

  1. Carefully transfer patterns of all pieces to the cardboard building stock. A .05 mm lead mechanical pencil and a “C-Through” brand ruler make this accurate and easy.

  2. Put new blades in the mat knife or X-acto knife (or both) that you will be using.

  3. Score the fold lines before you begin cutting out the parts (although you may score the roof pieces later, if you wish, after you've checked the overhang). Use the metal ruler or other steel edge as a guide.

  4. Still using a steel-edged ruler as a guide, cut out the shapes. Watch your fingers.

Assembling and Painting the House

Note: You'll notice that there is some "hurry up and wait" involved with this portion of the project. That's one reason I often work on more than one building at a time.

  1. Using Elmer's white Glue-All or a similar product, assemble the house pieces.

    White glue works best if you apply a thin coat to each mating surface and wait a few moments for the glue to become tacky. Do not glue the house to the base yet.

  2. Glue the chimney and chimney cap together.

    Click for bigger photo.

  3. When the glue is dry and you feel that the structure is "sound," double-check the roof size. The most important thing is that it has an overhang on all sides just like a real house. After you determine where the peak of the roof should be, score the crease. Make any adjustments to the outside shape of the roof as necessary, and glue on the roof.

  4. When the glue for the roof is dry, glue on the chimney.

  5. Prime the house, including trim, with flat white wall paint. Don’t skip this step; it gives you a uniform surface for painting.

  6. As the primer is drying, get your sand ready to apply - you might consider using a salt-shaker.

  7. After the primer is very dry (such as overnight), make a small batch of a 50/50 paint in the color you've chose and Elmer's white glue.

  8. Working on only one surface at a time, brush the glue/paint mixture on, then sprinkle sand on it before the mixture starts to film over.

  9. Let that surface dry before you apply sand to the next one. (If you haven't figured it out already, now you know one reason Howard usually builds these little houses in batches of three or four.)

  10. If Click for bigger area isn't covered evenly, touch it up with straight glue and more sand, and let THAT dry.

  11. Paint the house in your choice of colors. Don't glue the house to the base yet, though.

  12. Paint white patches for "snow" on the roof and chimney. The photo to the right gives some ideas for varying the "snow" pattern on a series of houses. Note Howard's signature 'Dr. Seuss' color choices and white paint 'globs.'  Click for bigger photo.Once you get good at this, you could combine this step and the next by using a 50/50 mixture of white paint and Elmer's glue, then sprinkling on the glitter before the paint/glue mixture starts to dry. At first you may want to do this in two separate steps, though.

  13. Click for bigger photo.If you haven't already put glitter on the "snow," add it now. Brush on a thin, but even coat of undiluted white glue over a white patch on the building and sprinkle on the clear glitter. Don’t try to do the entire house or base at once. White glue starts to film over and dry quickly so just do a section at a time. The glue dries clear, so don’t judge the final look until the glue is dry.

Make your Picture Windows

Decide on and print a graphic the size you need it. We've put a few here, but you can get more by scanning old Christmas cards or "googling" Christmas images on the Internet.

For your convenience, we've provided a .pdf version of each that is prescaled to go with the building plans on this page. We've also provided a .jpg version that you can resize if you need it in another scale.

Click to download presized .pdf file Click to download presized .pdf file Click to download presized .pdf file
Download presized .pdf file Download presized .pdf file Download presized .pdf file
Download .jpg file Download .jpg file Download .jpg file

When you have your graphic ready to install, build the "picture window" as shown below. I've used two basic approaches. Good - Click for bigger picture.There are two ways to do this. The easiest is to find a graphic you like, print it the right size on your color printer, stick it onto a piece of clear packing tape, and glue it into place inside the building.

[Note from editor: I believe Howard turns the "unprinted" side of the graphic toward the packing tape. You may be tempted to put the tape on the printed side of the graphic, which would give a shiny surface and protect the graphic from handling damage, but I'd be afraid the tape would yellow faster than the "non-yellowing" paper you printed the graphic on. Also, depending on the printer and upon the kind of "vellum" you have access to, you may also be able to print the graphic on vellum and use that with or without the packing tape. Experiment as much as you want - this is a relatively inexpensive hobby. - Paul]

Better - If you have access to clear, thin plastic or some similar material that you can use as a "windowpane," consider making a "sandwich" picture window. This version provides more sense of depth, and the clear plastic "windowpane" protects your graphic.

This version provides more sense of depth than the 'easy' version shown above. Click for bigger picture.
This version provides more sense of depth than the 'easy' version shown above. Click for bigger picture.

Assemble the House

  1. Try your picture window out for "placement" before you apply glue. Once you're satisfied with the optimum placement, draw a guide line on the inside of the house, and glue the picture window in place with white glue. You'll only have a few seconds before the glue starts to set up, so be certain it's where you want it, then hold onto it for a minute or two to be certain it's going to stick before you set it down - you don't want it to slide down and wind up glued in the wrong position.

  2. The paper door I used is available from This is a sample pack from 'Papa Ted' Althof's authentic line of reproduction doors and windows for putz houses. Click to see his product He has a full line of reproduction doors plus red “cellophane type” and paper windows. Ted’s site is the only place I know of for these, all of which are exact copies of vintage ones.

  3. Glue the other window and door covering material on the inside of the house. I use colored velum or colored “cellophane type” material. Red seems to be the traditional color but you can use any color you like.

  4. Glue the finished house to the finished base. Fill in any gaps between the house and the base with white glue and sprinkle on more glitter.

Adding Additional Scenery

Add yard accessories such as bottle-brush trees, as desired.

[Editor's note: For trees, some folks cut apart a loofah sponge and dip it into deep blue-green paint, wring it out, and let it dry to simulate the lichen-like organic material used on some of the original houses. - Paul]

When everything is glued together and the glue has dried, touch up any place that the glitter hasn't covered evenly.

If you wish, you can use several light coats of clear satin acrylic spray to protect the paint, glitter, sand, and graphic from handling and light.


You can see that, when you get to the gluing, painting, and glittering stages, there's a lot of "hurry up and wait." That's one reason many people who build modern putz house recreations work on two or three houses at the same time - you can work on the second house while the glue is setting on the first one, and so on.

[Editor's note: Howard has three grown children with families and Christmas villages of their own, which is why he often makes four buildings at the same time, so he gets to keep one. - Paul]

Click for bigger picture.Commercial "Plug" - Now that I'm in "retirement," this hobby has become a sort of avocation for me. Several folks have commissioned me to build specific houses for them. I often provide an "artist's conception" such as the one at the right to make certain I understand what they want. Sometimes the "artist's conception" needs to be tempered by adjustments to make the house fit in better with the other houses it will be joining, as well as color and accessory changes. But it all starts, quite literally, at the drawing board.

Perhaps you had a pasteboard house collection when you were young and would like to have a replica made. Or you have an idea for somthing that's never been done. If you can find a photo or hash out a drawing or anything else to give me some idea of what you're looking for, that can be enough to get started.

If you'd like me to help you design and/or build a special vintage pasteboard house for you, or if you have any questions at all, please see my site, for more information.

Looking for Your Ideas, Projects, or Photos - Also, if you have similar project, ideas, or photos that you'd like to share with your fellow readers and hobbyists, we'd love to add them to our sites, and we'll be sure to give you full credit for your contribution.

Other Resources for Putz Houses and Related Information

Other Putz House Articles:

Other Putz House Resources:

  • "Papa Ted's Place" Ted Althof's extensive resource about vintage pasteboard houses. Includes some history, many photos from other people's collections, and resources to help you build your own. The links below will take you right to the approprate page on "Papa" Ted's site. You'll find lots of other pages to look at while you're there, though.
    • Building from Scratch - "Papa" Ted Althof has collected tips and photos from other glitterhouse builders including Tom Hull and Ted Howard.
    • Repair and Restoration - "Papa" Ted Althof publishes Tom Hull's tips for restoring damaged antique glitterhouses.
    • Click to see 'Papa Ted' Althoff's authentic putz house reproduction pieces.Reproduction Parts - Ted offers authentic reproductions of just about every door and window that were used in glitterhouses over a 35-year period. These include celophane and paper "see-through" windows, as well as "stick-on" windows. If you don't know what sizes you need, you can order a template or sample pack. The page includes several photos showing how the replacement parts bring otherwise solid vintage glitterhouses "back to life."
    • Making "Flocked" Windows - Tom Hull's method for making "fuzzy" windowframes on celophane, with additional tips by author and glitterhouse collector Antoinette Stockenberg.
    • Repairing or Replacing Trees Tom's article about the "lufa" trees that were common on pre-war glitterhouses, and can be repaired or else replaced by new lufa carefully cut, soaked with dark green acrylic paint, and allowed to dry before gluing and applying white paint for "snow."
  • Author Antoinette Stockenberg's home page - includes photographs and comments on putz houses and life in general.

Other Articles that Discuss Putzes and Christmas Villages of the mid-20th Century:

  • About Nativities - Describes how German-American Nativity displays (the original "putzes") grew into communities and landscapes that included pastboard, glittered houses and even electric trains.
  • What Do Trains Have to Do With Christmas - Describes how electric trains contributed to the communities many families set up at Christmas, with some details about the elaborate "Christmas Gardens" of the Baltimore/DC area.

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